Saturday, February 19, 2011

Climate and Storm History of Deerfield Beach

sunny day at Deerfield
Deerfield Beach, a city in Broward County, Florida, has a tropical monsoon climate. Generally, this place is sunny and has many beautiful tropical beaches. During summer, the city is hot and experiences frequent thunderstorms. On the other hand, during autumn, it has lesser rain. By winter (from November through March), the city does experience cold fronts. During the summer months average temperatures goes up to the 80's, while during the winter temperatures tend to be in the 60's. 

The warmest month of the year is usually July with an average maximum temperature of 92 °F (33.3 °C), while February is the coldest month of the year with an average minimum temperature of 58 °F (14.4 °C).  The highest temperature in the state was recorded in 1981 which is 101 °F (38.3 °C), while the lowest is 21 °F (−6.1 °C) which was recorded in 1995. The annual average precipitation at Deerfield Beach is 57.27 Inches. Summer months tend to be wetter than winter months. The city’s wettest month of the year is June having an average rainfall of 7.3 Inches. In general, the most of the year the city’s weather is warm and humid with a year-round average temperature is 77 °F (25.0 °C).

Hurricane Andrew
Since Deerfield Beach, is located near the Atlantic Ocean, storms called hurricanes frequently strike the area bringing strong winds, heavy rains, and high seas causing tremendous damage to infrastructures, properties, and even lives. Hurricanes usually hit the city during June 1 to November 30, although others come off these months. Likewise, 69% of the city's annual rainfall occurs during the five month summer period. Based on the records, over 114 hurricanes, 37 of them major have hit Florida from 1851 to 2006.  Almost 83% of the major hurricanes in the United States have struck the state. The first recorded tropical cyclone to affect Florida occurred in 1523, when two ships and their crews were lost along the western coastline. In 1935, the Labor Day Hurricane, the strongest hurricane recorded in the United States, strike Florida with a pressure of 892 mbar (hPa; 26.35 inHg).  Subsequently, during 1950 to 1974, about 85 cyclones have smashed the state which resulted to $6.2 billion in damage. In this period, the hurricanes named Donna and Dora were the most devastating. However, the hurricanes that devastatingly hit Deerfield were the 1947 Fort Lauderdale Hurricane, Hurricane King in 1950, and Hurricane Cleo in 1964. But the most destructive of all these hurricanes is the Hurricane Andrew that hit during 1992 which remains as the second costliest hurricane of all times.

Hurricane Wilma hit Deerfield
Subsequently, from 2000 to present, as of 2007, 58 tropical/subtropical cyclones affected the state of Florida. As an effect, the total damage of the storm was $64 billion.  In the same period, Hurricane Charley, the strongest hurricane in the United States devastated Florida. Recently, the hurricanes that directly affected the city were Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Wilma which both strike in 2005.

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